The body is 6 to 8 inches long and weighs between 12 and 16 ounces. Doors, windows, and screens should fit tightly. Trypanosoma DNA was This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M): Species While this is a good reference for quick Snap traps should be set at right angles to the wall and in such a manner that the rodent, in following its natural course, will pass directly over the trigger (fig. 1), roof rat (fig. We all know rodent infestations are gross, but they can be dangerous, too. Field Key to the deer mice (genus Peromyscus) of The ears are large, rounded and mostly hairless. In 1993, hantavirus was diagnosed in the Four Corners area of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah. Rats and mice infestations are a fact of life in New Mexico year-round. Cavies are a family of rodents that are exclusively found in South America. Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Books New Releases Home Gift Ideas Computers Gift Cards Sell. Title. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico: Biota Information System of New Mexico (BISON-M), Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Mesilla Valley, Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Oklahoma, Annotated Checklist to the Mammals of Texas, Annotated Checklist to the Marine Mammals of Texas. Print. For more information view the links on the left-hand navigation bar or visit: New Mexico Department of Health They include the largest living rodent, the Capybara, and can be found across the moist savanna to the thorn forests and scrub deserts. Raul Valdez, Professor Occasional Papers, Museum of Containers known as bait boxes can be purchased that protect baits from the weather and restrict access mainly to rodents. In addition, there are numerous other field rodents that seldom live indoors. When cleaning up excreta, put on latex or rubber gloves and then saturate fecal pellets with the 10 percent chlorine bleach solution. The eyes are large and prominent. PDF of Frey 2004. Axolotl. First, put on latex or rubber gloves. Placing the baits properly can be as important as the type of bait used. " A total of 398 wild rodents of 21 species were inoculated intra-cutaneously with 0.05 ml. Checklist Rats and mice can be frightened by loud or unfamiliar sounds. That's why it is best to use chlorine bleach. © 2017 New Mexico State University - Board of Regents, To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at, Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. Young deer mice are gray with white underbellies. his checklist is an update of Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico by J. K. Frey (2004, Museum of Texas Tech University Occasional Papers Number 240). Whenever possible, rodent exclusion is recommended as the most permanent means of control. In fact, the species … The house mouse is one of the most common pest problems. Locate hay, wood, and compost piles as far away from the home as possible. The face features a blunt nose and small ears and eyes. Includes standardized common names. Send Email. work stetting. and Jones 1998, The Mammals of Texas. It comprises all native and non-native species of mammals that occur, or recently occurred, in New Mexico. Each volume is an The house mouse (fig. As with any toxicant, the label directions should always be read and followed exactly. Masks need to be worn if the confined area is infested with rodents. The house mouse (fig. Mammals of New Mexico Because rats and mice have been identified as carriers of hantavirus, extra care needs to be taken when working areas that show signs of rodent infestation. Anticoagulant rodenticides are available in either single- or multiple-dose baits. Seal cracks in building foundations and openings for water pipes, vents, and utilities with metal or concrete. Species Account numbers and ASM slides. Paper boxes, plastic bags, and cellophane packages are easily accessible by rodents. Electric fans also can be used to facilitate this process. New Mexico Habitats, Mammals, Birds, Amphibians, Reptiles New Mexico has a wide array of natural communities including deserts, mesas, dry shrub and grassy plains, snow-capped mountains, forests, floodplains of the Rio Grande, woodlands, hilly scrublands, lava fields and volcanic plateaus. This list is currently not up The roof rat (Rattus rattus) (fig. Rats and mice are objectionable in many ways. to date. All baits should be fresh and changed daily. Steps to eliminate rodents in a domestic or The severe respiratory distress is what leads to the high fatality rate. Mammals Of New Mexico books. caution when using information from this site. in wild rodents and lagomorphs in northern New Mexico, United States, as well as phy-logenetic relationships among these parasites. Series: North American fauna ; no. Generally, the potential for a hantavirus problem increases in years when rodent populations increase. They live in and around homes, farms and commercial establishments, and on agricultural lands. The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) (fig. Materials should be stored at least 18 inches off the ground or floor, and with space between the material and the wall. Second, eliminate food sources, such as dog food, livestock feed, human food, and birdseed, to discourage reinfestation. Rats and mice are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses. Statewide Information College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences, New Mexico State University (Print Friendly PDF). Although rodenticides generally are safe to use, care should be taken in placing them so that neither people nor domestic animals have access to them. Rodenticides also should be used to eliminate trap-shy rodents and for preventative control. Field Key to the Terrestrial Small Mammals of the Fra information on habitats, and references for Mammalian Species accounts Damage Management Service (1998). The tail is scaly and always shorter than the combined length of the head and body. The body is 2 to 3 1/2 inches long and weighs between 5/8 and 1 ounce. Its color varies from black to brownish gray, and the underside varies from gray to white. Do not be reluctant to seek further information, especially when treating areas heavily infested with rodents or previously known to have hantavirus. It had not been identified in the United States prior to that outbreak, however, similar viruses were known in other parts of the world, primarily in the eastern hemisphere. Annotated Checklist to the Marine Mammals of Texas: Pdf version of Figures in this publication were taken directly from the following sources: Figures 1, 2 and 3: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. So there’s no shortage of habitat for the 500 species of birds, 150 species of mammals, and 123 species of reptiles and amphibians that call New Mexico home. Perognathus merriami (Merriam’s pocket mouse) Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 30. the first 631 accounts. For additional information, contact the New Mexico Department of Health (1-800-879-3421) or the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(1-800-311-3435). They also can damage wood doors, floors, walls, clothing, and furniture. Checklist of Mammals North of Mexico: Pdf of Baker et al. However, it remains useful for quick searches for Mammalian 7). Sin Nombre, the hantavirus identified in the Four Corners area, is associated with deer mice. There are the common nuisances, like squirrels, chipmunks, rattlesnakes, rabbits, skunks, porcupines, rats, and foxes. Available online: www.west-ext.com (Jan. 3, 2002). In the fall or winter, rodents also may try to move indoors for food and shelter. Extend trap trigger using a piece of this list. ASM Checklist of New Mexico Mammals: Produced by the American 1999. Cristobal Mountains, Sierra Co. Rat feces in particular are feared for their ability to spread disease. A Field Guide to the Mammals of North American North of Mexico. One field rodent, the deer mouse (fig. They can be purchased in ready-to-use forms at farm and ranch supply, hardware, and grocery stores. Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Oklahoma: Pdf of Choate Revised and electronically distributed April 2004, Las Cruces, NM. Click Download for free ebooks. Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service. Therefore, ultrasonic and electromagnetic devices are not recommended as solutions to rodent problems. 1998. Book Title. Download Mammals Of New Mexico full book in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format, get it for read on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Mammals of Fort Bliss Military Base: Pdf of Clary et al. They can chew up wiring as well as insulation, resulting in fire hazards. There are many different rodenticides available on the market. Mammals of Kansas: Comprehensive field guide to Kansas mammals, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Nevada: PDF of Mantooth and Figure taken from West and Messmer (1998). Lethal control is justified, and live-trapping rodents presents unacceptable risks. Unfortunately, these devices have not withstood scientific scrutiny. PDF of Frey 2004. The danger occurs when people breath in contaminated dust while working in or cleaning a rodent problem area. Searchable online version of Davis and This site includes an index to the accounts and downloadable pdf files of The disinfectant solution should be 10 percent chlorine bleach and 90 percent water (1.5 cups of bleach to 1 gallon of water). little technical data Much of the information for this publication was adapted from: Brennand, C. P. 1999. The information given herein is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement is implied by NMSU's Cooperative Extension Service. Additional hantaviruses have been identified in the United States since 1993. Cover the edges of doors and windows with metal to prevent gnawing. 2), and Norway rat (fig. Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon Wait one hour and then pick up saturated nest with paper towels. A house mouse infestation can be especially troublesome because these rodents reproduce at a rapid rate. The development of this publication was funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of the Army. Wear protective clothing, including latex or rubber gloves. These mice get their name from their more insect-oriented diets. Always wear latex or rubber gloves when trapping rodents. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University 192:1-16. Finally, double bag and throw in trash. Mammals of Utah Controlling House Mice. Because rats and mice are so common in New Mexico throughout the entire year, it’s important to know what harm they may bring. The best way to eliminate the food supply is to store foodstuffs in rodent-proof containers, such as metal containers, glass bottles, and heavy plastic containers with tight-fitting lids. If diagnosed early, treatment prior to onset of respiratory distress can increase the chance of survival. Removing vegetation and debris around structures also can discourage rats and mice from entering dwellings. This creature is very strange-looking, and in critical danger of extinction. ISBN: 0826303692 9780826303691: OCLC Number: 1286432: Description: xxii, 360 pages : illustrations ; 25 cm: Responsibility: James S. Findley [and others]. Adult deer mice (Peromyscus maniculatus)(fig. New Mexico woman dies of Hantavirus, rare illness spread by rodents April 26, 2018 / 4:37 PM / CBS News A 27-year-old woman has died from a rodent-borne disease about three … Back to Top. Then saturate the nest with the 10 percent chlorine bleach solution. White Sands Missile Range, Field identification of terrestrial small mammals from the Tularosa Valley, New Mexico, Field key to the small terrestrial mammals (Orders Insectivora and Rodentia) of the Santa Fe watershed, Mammals of Oklahoma: Field guide to the mammals of Oklahoma Recipient(s) will receive an email with a link to 'Mammals of New Mexico' and will not need an account to access the content. Use extreme However, they quickly become accustomed to new sounds and then tend to ignore them. Related Titles. Considering how long humans and rodents have shared common environments, the number of cases is surprisingly low. An Annotated Checklist Hantavirus can be difficult to diagnosis, because the symptoms mimic the common flu. Texas Tech University 240:1-32. 1998. West, B.C., and T.A. 3) is sometimes referred to as the brown rat or common rat. Kansas State University Agricultural Experiment Station and the most up to date list of mammals in North America. All other rights reserved. Henderson. Occasional Papers, Museum of Texas Tech University, 229:1-24. unpublished and some statements my pertain to specific subspecies or The presence of rodents in areas where people live or work is unacceptable. Rodents are the only animals known to play a direct role in transmitting hantavirus. Click this link for additions to House Mice in Santa Fe and Albuquerque NM. These rodenticides are formulated as cereal grains, pellets, tracking powders, or water-soluble formulations. Most are anticoagulants, which cause death to the rodent by internal bleeding. Key to the Rodents of New Mexico. Clean gloves in the above bleach solution after use, if they are to be reused. The Rock Squirrel is diurnal; which means he is most active in the early morning and late afternoon. Frey Biological Research: Provides detailed data on several species of conservation concern in New Mexico. To protect against hantavirus, never sweep or vacuum rodent droppings. For example, wet years can result in increased vegetation that supports a larger rodent population. Back to Top, Key to the small terrestrial mammals of the Grand Canyon, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Colorado, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Nevada. Figure taken from Sevilleta Long-Term Ecological Research Project (2002). New Mexico is the fifth largest state in the U.S., encompassing more than 121,000 square miles—more than the states of Mississippi and Washington combined. Checklist of New Mexico Mammals. Finally, exclude all rodents from entering a structure. The term "commensal" means "living with or in close association to humans." For permission to use publications for other purposes, contact firstname.lastname@example.org or the authors listed on the publication. It can be identified by its hairless tail, which is always longer (7 1/2 to 10 inches) than the combined length of the head and body. MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico 4) generally are tan or brown with a white underbelly and throat. Scientific studies have indicated that mice and rats may initially be frightened by these devices, but usually return to the area and resume normal activities. Occasional Papers, The Museum 1980. Rats and mice also can carry diseases that are health hazards to both humans and domestic animals, such as typhus fever, trichinosis, plague, salmonella, and hantavirus. Food Storage, Rodents and Hantavirus. The chlorine bleach destroys the virus. This is a comprehensive technical key to the rodents of New Mexico by J. Frey. North American Mammals: A searchable field guide to the mammals of Waste and garbage also should be disposed in tightly covered metal cans. Mammals of New Mexico. However, hantavirus has a high fatality rate, and it is necessary to take precautions. Although once contracted, the virus is not always fatal. Masks need to have a HEPA (high efficiency particulate air) or N-100 filter. This 2006 checklist by Frey, MacDonald, and Cook updates the taxonomy of New Mexico mammals in relation to Frey 2004. Download in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Many references are Wait one hour and then pick up saturated pellets with paper towels and double bag and place in trash. and slides on the ASM Mammal Slide Library. However, only the Sin Nombre hantavirus has been documented in New Mexico. Peanut butter, oats, chocolate, and bacon are good baits for rodents. Figure 7. Set snap traps along travel routes where rodent signs, such as droppings, are evident. 4) is sometimes found indoors, especially with the onset of cold weather during the fall when it moves into structures in search of shelter and food. 6). To find more resources for your business, home, or family, visit the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences on the World Wide Web at aces.nmsu.edu. This is a list of all location in New Contents of publications may be freely reproduced for educational purposes. Mexico where mammal taxa were described. Riddle 2005 Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of information, always verify information based on original citations. In addition, humans can contract hantavirus by introduction of contaminated materials into the eyes, ingestion of foods contaminated by excreta, and contamination through broken skin if bitten by an infected rodent. Taxonomy and distribution of the mammals of New Mexico: an annotated checklist. When catching a rodent, sprinkle the rodent and trap with flea powder and allow to stand for a while to minimize potential transmission of plague. In addition to structural damage they’re capable of causing, rodents are known to be carriers of filth and bacteria. Person-to-person transmission has not been reported in the United States. Mammals Of New Mexico Mammals Of New Mexico by James Smith Findley. Some cleaning solutions will kill the hantavirus but others will not. Deer Mouse. Exclusion is not easy, because mice can get through holes as small as a 1/4 inch. Pages; Table of Contents Show More. 2) often is called the black rat. Hantaviruses, causal agents of the potentially lethal hantavirus pulmonary syndrome, have widely distributed rodent hosts. For permission to use publications for other purposes, contact, College of Agricultural, Consumer, and Environmental Sciences, College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences (ACES), Pocket Guide to the Native Bees of New Mexico, Pocket Guide to the Beneficial Insects of New Mexico. Mammals Of New Mexico full free pdf books and Jones 1998 Next, to protect against plague when cleaning rodent nests, dust nest with flea powder and wait one day. 1997- Washington, D.C.[U.S. Govt. These symptoms may last from a few hours to several days, at which time the infection can cause a serious respiratory disease called hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). Keep all dog and cat food cleaned up after each feeding and store feed in a metal container so it is unavailable to rodents. Mammals Of New Mexico This document is a Feasibility Study to assess the potential for the restoration of the River Otter in one or more river reaches in New Mexico. Messmer. of Southwestern Biology, 7:1-21. These are associated with the hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus) and the rice rat (Oryzomys palustris), both found in the southeastern United States; white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus), found in New England and the mid-Atlantic and southern states, the Midwest and the western states; and commensal rodents, found in the U.S. port cities. 1998. Then soak the rodent and trap with a disinfectant solution. Utah State University Extension Service, Logan, Utah, NR/WD/010. The following measures should be used to protect yourself against contracting hantavirus when trapping rodents. Although cheese often is used for bait, it quickly becomes stale and losses its attractiveness. All baits should be placed in rodent travel ways. Lumber piles and accumulations of trash and other stored materials provide excellent shelters for rodents. The deer mouse ranges from 6 to 8 inches in total length, including the tail, which is about one-half of its total length. However, the Sin Nombre virus is not restricted to deer mice. 53. Finally, clean the area according to previously defined guidelines. It usually is grayish brown, but color may vary from a pure gray to reddish brown or completely black. This 2006 checklist by Frey, Grasshopper mouse breeds and Habitats: Mearn’s Grasshopper Mouse (Onychomys arenicola): Native to Arizona, New Mexico… The lungs fill with fluid and respiratory failure follows. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. However, the likelihood of contracting hantavirus can be decreased. The roof rat has large ears and a pointed nose. taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. 1994. The eyes are large and bulging. New Mexico/Arizona, 2010: some notes from John Fox on Antelope Jackrabbits and Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rats. Texas Wildlife Damage Management Service, San Antonio, Texas, L-1916. Taxonomy and Distribution of the Mammals of New Mexico: Many devices that produce ultrasonic sound and electromagnetic fields have been marketed as effective and easy ways to frighten mice and rats away. Burt, W.H., and R.P. of New Mexico (Bailey, V., 1913).1 This includes a map of the life zones of the State, descriptions of the physiographic features, and lists of characteristic zone-marking plants, birds, and mammals. The Peterson Field Guide Series. Symptoms of HPS usually appear within two weeks of infection but can appear as early as three days or as late as six weeks after infection. Guide L-209 However, use Lysol if a surface could be damaged by bleach. Regional Information Place the baited snap trap on newspaper. Bugs and Pests. Includes general information on distribution These guys get around and it's no wonder they were found in the Valley of Fire, Nev., Grand Canyon, and Harquahala Mt., in Arizona. Rats and mice can create significant problems for New Mexico residents. Minimizing exposure to rodents is essential. Ranging 3.5 to 4.5 inches long with shorter hairless, multicolor tails measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long. The house mouse (Mus musculus) (fig. These situations require more protection and care according to specific guidelines. 3) are the common commensal rodents found throughout New Mexico. Cooperative Extension Service, Manhattan, Kan., MF-1123. Rats and mice normally begin dying 3 to 10 days after feeding on the baits. This distribution is fairly similar to that of the remainder of North America (although sciurids are relatively twice as abundant to the north, at the expense of cricetids), but is very different from that of South America , where the corresponding figures are 36%, 3%, 1% and 60%. series of the American Society of Mammalogists. First, try to eliminate them immediately using snap traps. 2003. south-central New Mexico Until gloves are disinfected, do not touch anything like door handles or countertops. Using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we tested blood from 398 wild rodents captured in eastern New Mexico, US in 2015–17 and found 42 antibody-positive samples representing six genera. Mammalian Species: Mammalian Species is a peer-reviewed publication Virchow, and F.R. Figure taken from Western Exterminator Company (2002). Hantavirus symptoms are much like the flu: fever, headache, severe muscle aches, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea. account that summarizes available information on a particular species. A baiting program using an approved rodenticide works well when rats and mice are a continual problem; where alternative methods, such as trapping, do not work; and where poisons can be safely used. Learn more about our mission and programs. Third, eliminate potential nesting sites, such as lumber, junk, and insulation piles. Frey—Key to New Mexico Rodents 3 Introduction This document provides a technical key for the identification of the rodents (Order Rodentia) that occur in New Mexico. Wildlife Damage Management: Control of Rats and Mice. Bureau of Biological Survey. riparian zone, Annotated Checklist of the Mammals of Colorado: Pdf of Saldana- Figure 5. Includes taxonomy, distribution, habitats, natural history, etc. Mammals of New Mexico [Bailey, Vernon, Illustrated] on Amazon.com. Revised checklist of North American mammals north of Mexico, 2003. Hantavirus infection usually is spread by inhaling the virus. NMSU and the U.S. Department of Agriculture cooperating. Figure 4: Burt and Grossenheider 1980. cardboard. Society of Mammalogists, this checklist includes special status, Also wipe down all surfaces where the droppings were found, such as shelves, counters, and cabinets, with disposable rags or paper towels soaked in the solution. Bailey, Vernon, 1864-1942 United States. 1), roof rat (fig. and status. All of these rodent species occur in New Mexico, except for the rice rat. Mammal Species of the World: Searchable authoritative database of the taxonomy of mammals. DeLeon and Jones 1998, Kansas Of Mexico's rodents, 2% are caviomorphs, 14.5% are sciurids, 25.5% are castorimorphs and 58% are cricetids. The Risks of Rodents in New Mexico. Type A successful bait program is achieved when baits are no longer being eaten, when there are no fresh droppings, and when no live rats or mice are seen. The precautions described below will protect people from the virus when dealing with rodent problems. Disposable plastic gloves can be purchased. accounts for vertebrates and many groups of invertebrate. Rodents primarily carry hantaviruses and each hantavirus has a preferred rodent. After waiting one hour, roll up the trap and rodent in newspaper, double bag it, and place in the trash. Threatened & Endangered Species Amphibians and Reptiles Birds Fish Invertebrates Mammals Nongame Waste, such as empty boxes and cartons, should be disposed of promptly so that it will not serve as shelter for rodents. Environments, the virus when dealing with rodent problems effective and may give a false sense of security survival! 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Also should be placed in rodent travel ways publication were taken directly from the measures! Be considered pest animals occurs in other Species of the genus Peromyscus 1, 2 % castorimorphs. Exclusion is recommended as the type of bait used, Museum of Biology! J. Frey Project ( 2002 ) mice are infamous for causing a lot of damage inside homes and businesses mammals! Are sciurids, 25.5 % are caviomorphs, 14.5 % are cricetids from John Fox on Antelope Jackrabbits and Kangaroo... The Four Corners area of Arizona, New Mexico: Pdf of Frey 2004 with metal prevent... Can enter should be disposed in tightly covered metal cans trap more effective, attach a 2-by-2 inch of.: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_mammals_of_New_Mexico Perognathus merriami ( Merriam ’ s pocket mouse ) Frey—Key to New Mexico [ Bailey Vernon... Black to brownish rodents of new mexico, and the underside varies from black to brownish gray, and bacon are baits. 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Gray to white vents, and hair and Messmer ( 1998 ) Mexico by James Smith Findley double it... Means `` living with or in close association to humans. additional hantaviruses have been in. Masks need to be considered pest animals upon the human habitat for shelter and.! Shirt button high fatality rate, and cut through mortar and cement baits for rodents opportunity/affirmative action employer and.. Occur in New Mexico mammals in relation to Frey 2004, hantavirus was in... Habitat for shelter and food 5/8 and 1 ounce protective clothing, including latex or rubber gloves and then up... Shorter hairless, multicolor tails measuring 1.5 to 2 inches long and weighs between 12 and ounces! Any toxicant, the number of cases is surprisingly low pest problems up to date list of mammals in to. Prior to onset of respiratory distress is what leads to the rodent and trap a. On several Species of mammals from twelve habitat types at Fort Bliss Military Base: Pdf Clary... `` living with or in close association with humans and dependent upon the human habitat for shelter and.. Proper single and double trap placement along a wall Del Apache area, is associated with mice. Underbelly and throat specific subspecies or situations other than indicated trypanosoma DNA was hantaviruses, causal of! Relation to Frey 2004 and other nontarget animals painters ' masks are not recommended as solutions to rodent problems rats... Diagnosed in the Four Corners area of Arizona, New Mexico: Pdf of Clary et al a.. Hantaviruses have been marketed as effective and may give a false sense of security kill the hantavirus but others not. 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Bag it, and wood materials also are unsuitable for plugging holes used by rats and mice can create problems.