These hills cover 160,000 km2 (62,000 sq mi) and form the catchment area for complex riverine drainage systems that drain almost 40% of India. Bhambavli Vajrai Waterfall is also near from Kaas which is one of India's highest waterfalls..  Several endemic reptile genera occur here, including the cane turtle Vijayachelys silvatica, lizards like Salea, Ristella, Kaestlea, snakes like Melanophidium, Plectrurus, Teretrurus, Platyplectrurus, Xylophis, Rhabdops and so on. Anaimudi (2695 m), is the highest peak of the Western Ghats, which is situated in Eravikulam National Park, Kerala. First of all the pleasant climate in and around this belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty is just mesmerizing.  According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. The major population of the snake family Uropeltidae is restricted to the region. The total amount of rain does not depend on the spread of the area; areas in northern Maharashtra receive heavy rainfall followed by long dry spells, while regions closer to the equator receive less annual rainfall and have rain spells lasting several months in a year.. The purple frog (Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis) was discovered in 2003. A Joint Forest Management Committee has been constituted to manage tourist inflow. The alarming rise in the number of tourists became a serious concern since 2008. Amboli Ghat is a mountain pass in the Sahyadri. The orchids bloom here for a period of 3–4 weeks during this season. Malabar wart frog occurs in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala states, around forest edge habitats and grassland. The forest in the Western Ghats has been severely fragmented due to human activities, especially clear-felling for tea, coffee, and teak plantations from 1860 to 1950. Windmills in the Koyna Sanctuary, Western Ghats of Maharashtra. The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile.. Abstracts, Edited by Lalitha Vijayan, Saconr. The plateau experiences a natural cycle of extreme conditions, with wet water-logged cool monsoons, very dry hot summer (45 °C) and dry winter (5 °C). In 2012, thirty-nine places in the Western Ghats region have been declared as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. Phallus indusiatus found in the Western Ghats, Seasonal rainfall patterns of the Western Ghats necessitate a period of dormancy for its land snails, resulting in their high abundance and diversity including at least 258 species of gastropods from 57 genera and 24 families. Presence of Leopard has been reported from the surrounding forest area. Of the 7,402 species of flowering plants occurring in the Western Ghats, 5,588 species are native or indigenous and 376 are exotics naturalised; 1,438 species are cultivated or planted as ornamentals. The word ghat is explained by numerous Dravidian etymons such as Tamil gattu (hill and hill forest), Kannada gaati and ghatta (mountain range), Tulu gatta (hill or hillside), and ghattam in Malayalam (mountainous way, riverside and hairpin bends).. Heavy trampling by cattle and people has created many paths on the plateau. The area including Agumbe, Hulikal and Amagaon in Karnataka, Mahabaleshwar and Tamhini in Maharashtra are often referred to as the "Cherrapunji of southwest India" or the "rain capital of southwest India". Denison's barb is threatened from habitat loss and is now bred in captivity. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. Out of these 624 species, 39 are found only in Kaas Region.. The easily visible ecological impacts of tourism are high levels of vegetation trampling, microhabitat damage and solid waste problem. An earthquake in 1967 flattened the city. Home to India’s financial capital (Mumbai) and other incredible cities, Maharashtra is a haven for tourist destinations, adventure and blissful vacations. & Dahanukar, N. (2013): Nayar, T.S., Rasiya Beegam A., and M. Sibi. At certain places water gets accumulated because of uneven surface. Only 100 individuals of Nilgiri tahr were left in 2001 but recovered to 3,300 by 2010. These rivers flow to the east due to the gradient of the land and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. Kaas Pathar is a plateau made from volcanic rocks in the Satara district of Maharashtra, and comes under the biosphere of the Western Ghats. Kumbharali Ghat. The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri, are a hilly range running parallel to the coast, at an average elevation of 1,200 metres (4,000 ft). The Western Ghats have many peaks that rise above 2,000 m (6,600 ft), with Anamudi (2,695 m (8,842 ft)) being the highest peak..  Roads passing through ghats are called Ghat Roads. Kaas plateau of Kaas Pathar is situated 25 kilometres from Satara city and part of the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the Western Ghats. Several rivers, including the Periyar and Amaravati,… , Mountain range along the western coast of India. The main plateau of Kas has been surveyed in detail by many researchers. Clement Ben, Kolhapur’s chief conservator of forests, hailed the decision as historic, saying that it will ensure the entire stretch of diverse Western Ghats section in Maharashtra is protected. The Malabar tree nymph is endemic to the Western Ghats. Montane forests and Tropical moist forests are also found here. Beaches, Waterfalls, Nature, Food. The Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri mountains, is a mountain range in the west of peninsular India. Amboli ghat is known for its wild … Brahmagiri is a mountain range in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. More than 850 species of flowering plants are reported on the plateau. Meanwhile, the Ghats in Karnataka have fewer passes and gaps and therefore the western slopes of Karnataka receive heavy rainfall, over 400 cm more than other regional parts of the Western Ghats. It is likely that many undiscovered species live in the Western Ghats. Sunithi L. Narayan, Revathy Nagaswami, 1992. The plateau also has several invertebrates throughout the year. The various distances of Kas plateau are as follows: Kaas Plateau is rich in its Bio-diversity. The range is home to at least 84 amphibian species, 16 bird species, seven mammals, and 1,600 flowering plants which are not found elsewhere in the world. Geophysical evidence indicates that the west coast of India came into being somewhere around 100 to 80 mya after it broke away from Madagascar. Kollur in Udupi district, Kokkali and Nilkund in Sirsi, Samse in Mudigere of Karnataka, and Neriamangalam in the Ernakulam district of Kerala are the wettest places in the Western Ghats.  It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the eight hot-spots of biological diversity in the world. Major gaps in the range are the Goa Gap, between the Maharashtra and Karnataka sections, and the Palghat Gap on the Tamil Nadu and Kerala border between the Nilgiri Hills and the Anaimalai Hills. Apart from 593 confirmed subspecies and varieties; 66 species, 5 subspecies and 14 varieties of doubtful occurrence are also reported, amounting to 8,080 taxa of flowering plants. The road is winding, tiny and full of potholes; but this is more than compensated by the surrounding natural beauty. The Kumbharli Ghat is situated across the Western Ghats range and connects Konkan region of coastal Ratnagiri to Satara …  It is sometimes called the Great Escarpment of India. It is not possible to judge the impact of these activities on the plateau diversity, as no baseline data is available. The Western Ghats block southwest monsoon winds from reaching the Deccan Plateau. 624 species have entered in the Red Data Book. Some of the places are most suitable to be visited in the monsoon season. It is a biodiversity hotspot known for various types of seasonal wild flowers bloom and numerous species of endemic butterflies annually in the months of August and September. Chikane and Bhosale (2012) have compiled herpetofaunal list of the Kas area including 57 species.Photo documentation of spiders from Kas is available with Vishal Deshpande, Ranwata. Subject : Iron Ore Mining at Asaniye & Dongarpal village situated in the forests of Western Ghats in Maharashtra.. Some of them could be Kerala backwaters, Sahyadri hills, biodiversity hotspots in India, western ghats … , According to the IUCN, 97 freshwater fish species from the Western Ghats were considered threatened in 2011, including 12 critically endangered, 54 endangered and 31 vulnerable. The majority of streams draining the Western Ghats join these rivers, and carry a large volume of water during the monsoon months. Ooty is called the Queen of the Western ghats. Following is a list of peaks in the Western Ghats: Anamudi , on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 m (8,842 ft) Meesapulimala Kerala 2012  has identified 103 species of local concern on the Kas plateau and surrounding area. Talakaveri is the source of the river Kaveri and the Kuduremukha range is the source of the Tungabhadra. , There are roughly 6,000 insect species. Nashik is a major pilgrimage place for Hindus. Description: In 1996 the Indian government leased land in Satara district (Maharasthtra) for a windmill demonstration project. The area is one of the world's ten "hottest biodiversity hotspots." Amboli ghat is the last hill station in Sahyadri range of Maharashtra after which the border of Goa starts in south. The flora of Kaas are around the locality of that area. The Western Ghats, owing to its richness in biodiversity, nurtures more the 5,000 species of plants, 1,700 of which are endemic. Amboli Toad. Earliest work on the plateau was by Chavan et al.  Basalt is the predominant rock found in the hills reaching a thickness of 3 km (2 mi). This Ghat is one of the tourist attractions in Maharashtra. Koynanagar is a town in Maharashtra, India. Mahe in Pondicherry is situated on the Malabar coast on the Western Ghats surrounded by Kerala; Western Ghats are known as Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra, Sahya Parvatam in Kerala and Nilagiri Malai in Tamil Nadu. The vegetation and biodiversity values of the Kas plateau as a representative site of the threatened rocky plateau habitat has been discussed by Porembski and Watve (2005)  Watve (2007), 2010  One study has been published on the pollination mechanism (Hobbhahn et al., 2006 that includes field studies carried out on Kas. 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